THE CASAS GRANDES WORLD

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Gateways to Another World; Karl Taube

https://www.academia.edu/544266/Gateways_to_Another_World

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Pueblo Religion and the Mesoamerican Connection

http://www.academia.edu/1424385/Pueblo_Religion_and_the_Mesoamerican_Connection

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Five Cryptic Icons of the Southwest

http://www.desertusa.com/desert-activity/mystical-icons.html

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The Mesoamerican Connection in the Southwest

http://www.academia.edu/4004704/The_Mesoamerican_Connection_in_the_Southwest

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Mesoamerica, Northwest Mexico and the Southwest

http://www.academia.edu/1482776/Mesoamerica_the_Northwest_of_Mexico_and_the_Southwest_United_States

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Wikipedia; Oasis America

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oasisamerica

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Water & Ritual Power in the Casas Grandes “Regional System”

http://www.academia.edu/1665917/Water_and_Ritual_Power_in_the_Casas_Grandes_Regional_SystemS

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Ancient Civilizations – Native Americans

https://www.desertusa.com/ind1/ind_new/ind5.html

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Mesoamerica and the Southwest: A New History for an Ancient Land An overview essay written in conjunction with our 2012 NEH Summer Institute 

https://www.academia.edu/12820011/Mesoamerica_and_the_Southwest-_an_overview_essay

PAQUIME/CASAS GRANDES

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Casas Grandes; Archeology of Northern Mexico

http://www.penn.museum/documents/publications/expedition/PDFs/35-1/Casas.pdf

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Wikipedia; Casas Grandes

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casas_Grandes

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Complementary Dualities: The Significance of East/West Architectural Difference in Paquimé

http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4871/m2/1/high_res_d/thesis.pdf

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The Great Puebloan Abandonments and Migrations

http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/ind_new/ind13.html

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Paquime; A Visitors Guide

http://www.aamorgan.com/Paquime2.pdf

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Scientist Tries to Connect Migration Dots of Ancient Southwest

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/30/science/30chaco.html?pagewanted=all&_r=2&

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Steve Lesson; The Rise of Paquime: Dating the Medio Period at Paquime and Elsewhere

https://stevelekson.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/black-mountain-and-paquime.pdf

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THE CONSTRUCTION AND OCCUPATION OF UNIT 11
AT PAQUIMÉ, CHIHUAHUA

http://www.unm.edu/~dap/Unit-11.pdf

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Paquime; UNESCO World Heritage Site

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/560

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THE END OF CASAS GRANDES; The Legacy of Charles C. Di Peso: Fifty Years after the Joint Casas Grandes Project

http://www.unm.edu/~dap/End-of-Casas-Grandes.pdf

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Justin Kerr’s Casas Grandes Portfolio

http://research.mayavase.com/portfolio_thumbs.php?rowstart=0&search=casas%20grandes&date_added=&num_pages=2

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The Mysteries of Paquime

http://www.desertusa.com/mag00/aug/stories/paquime.html

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Secrets of Paquime

http://www.elpalacio.org/articles/winter08/SecretsCasasGrandes.pdf

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How Big Was Paquime?

http://www.unm.edu/~dap/howbig/howbig-text.html

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First Corn Beer Use in the Ancient Southwest Found at Paquime

http://bit.ly/1QKvN3j

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Northwest Chihuahua: Defining the Casas Grandes Culture

https://www.unm.edu/~dap/nwm/nw-chih.html

PAQUIME CULTURE RELATED SITES

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Wikipedia; Cueva de la Jolla

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cueva_de_la_Olla_(archaeological_site)

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Wikipedia; Cuarenta Casas

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuarenta_Casas

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Wikipedia; Cueva de la Momia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cueva_de_la_Momia

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Wikipedia; Cueva de la Rancheria

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cueva_de_la_Rancher%C3%ADa

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Wikipedia; Huapoca

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huápoca

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Important Cave Finds in Chihuahua

http://westerndigs.org/mummified-bird-baby-found-in-cave-shed-light-on-earliest-desert-farmers/

MESOAMERICA/SOUTHWEST TRADE

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Distant Connections

http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/st-plains/prehistory/images/distant.html

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Ancient Civilizations/Native Americans

http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/ind_new/ind5.html

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Native American Trails

http://www.desertusa.com/desert-trails/native-americans-trails.html

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Turquoise Trade Routes Revealed

http://przedkolumbem.blogspot.com/2014/04/turkusowe-szlaki-handlowe.html

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The Mesoamerican Connection: Central American diffusion into the North American Southwest

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/you-contribute/mesoamerica-and-the-north-american-southwest

SOUTHWEST/MESOAMERICA TROPICAL FEATHER TRADE

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Early procurement of scarlet macaws and the
emergence of social complexity in Chaco Canyon, NM

http://www.pnas.org/content/112/27/8238.full.pdf

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Scarlet Macaws and Their Kin in the Desert Southwest

http://bcjms.bhattercollege.ac.in/scarlet-macaws-and-their-kin-in-the-desert-southwest/

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Birds in the Southwest (Archaeology Southwest Collection of Articles)

http://www.archaeologysouthwest.org/pdf/arch-sw-v21-no1.pdf

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Ritual Change and the Distant: Mesoamerican Iconography, Scarlet Macaws, and Great Kivas in the Mimbres Region of Southwestern New Mexico

http://www.academia.edu/12170738/Ritual_Change_and_the_Distant_Mesoamerican_Iconography_Scarlet_Macaws_and_Great_Kivas_in_the_Mimbres_Region_of_Southwestern_New_Mexico

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Breeding Scarlet Macaws in Prehistoric North America: Casas Grandes

http://archaeology.about.com/od/Ancestral-Puebloan-Cultures/fl/Breeding-Scarlet-Macaws-in-Prehistoric-North-America-Casas-Grandes.htm

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Scarlet macaw skeletons point to early emergence of Pueblo hierarchy

https://popular-archaeology.com/article/scarlet-macaw-skeletons-point-to-early-emergence-of-pueblo-hierarchy/

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New Dates for the Presence of Scarlet Macaws in New Mexico

Gambler’s House has the report here; Interesting Burial Remains in Chihuahua spanning 2,500 BCE to 700 CE.

https://gamblershouse.wordpress.com/2016/07/31/dating-the-macaws/

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Macaw Feather Harvesting Finds in the Ancient Southwest

https://www.nature.com/news/prehistoric-native-americans-farmed-macaws-in-feather-factories-1.21803

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Important Cave Finds in Chihuahua

http://westerndigs.org/mummified-bird-baby-found-in-cave-shed-light-on-earliest-desert-farmers/

A 2000 Year Old Mummified Macaw Uncovered in Northern Mexico

http://www.inah.gob.mx/es/boletines/6856-datan-en-2000-anos-de-antigueedad-cabeza-momificada-de-guacamaya-hallada-en-cueva-avendanos-chihuahua

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New Ancient Scarlet Macaw Trade from Mexico to the Ancient Southwest Research

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/08/news-ancient-dna-chaco-canyon-pueblo-macaws-archaeology/

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Casas Grandes Macaw Trading

https://gamblershouse.wordpress.com/2010/09/21/casas-grandes-macaw-breeding/

Scarlet macaw DNA points to ancient breeding operation in Southwest

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180813160531.htm

SOUTHWEST/MESOAMERICA CHOCOLATE/CAFFEINE TRADE

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Sweet Trading: Chocolate May Have Linked Prehistoric Civilizations

http://www.livescience.com/13533-prehistoric-chocolate-trade-cacao-chaco-canyon-puebloans.html

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Prehistoric Americans Traded Chocolate for Turquoise?

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/03/110329-chocolate-turquoise-trade-prehistoric-peoples-archaeology/

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Earliest Evidence of Chocolate in North America

http://news.sciencemag.org/2013/01/earliest-evidence-chocolate-north-america?ref=hp

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Mystery of Ancient Pueblo Jars Is Solved

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/04/us/04cocoa.html

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First Sign of Chocolate in Ancient U.S. Found

http://www.livescience.com/5293-sign-chocolate-ancient.html

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Widespread Caffeine Trade Between Ancient Southwest and Mesoamerica Found

Western Digs has the story here;

http://westerndigs.org/use-of-cocoa-black-drink-widespread-in-pre-contact-southwest-study-finds/

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New Ancient Cacao Finds in Utah

Natural History Museum of Utah has the report here with nice photos;
https://nhmu.utah.edu/chocolate

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Chocolate Canyon

https://gamblershouse.wordpress.com/2009/02/03/chocolate-canyon/

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Re-Evaluating Mexicanism in the Post-Chocolate Era

https://gamblershouse.wordpress.com/2009/07/29/reevaluating-mexicanism-in-the-post-chocolate-era/

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Chocolate Everywhere

https://gamblershouse.wordpress.com/2011/06/15/chocolate-everywhere/

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This Chocolate Stuff is Getting Weird

https://gamblershouse.wordpress.com/2013/09/29/this-chocolate-stuff-is-getting-weird/

THE TURQUOISE TRADE

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Prehistoric Southwestern Turquoise Industry

http://www.elpalacio.org/articles/summer2014/Snow-79-01-1973.pdf

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Massive Turquoise Trade Network of Ancient Pueblos Revealed

http://www.livescience.com/44703-turquoise-trade-network-revealed.html

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PUEBLO BONITO: TURQUOISE TRADE CAPITAL

http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/beads/bonito.html

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“ She of the Jade Skirt ”
(“Turquoise in the New World”)

http://www.gemland.com/geostories/turquoise.pdf

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Turquoise Trade among Ancestral Pueblo Groups

http://www.archaeologysouthwest.org/2014/05/21/turquoise-trade-among-ancestral-pueblo-groups/

Chasing Beauty: Evidence for Southwestern U.S. Turquoise in Mexico

https://www.academia.edu/26462505/Chasing_Beauty_Evidence_for_Southwestern_U.S._Turquoise_in_Mexico

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New study reveals source of Mesoamerican Turquoise

http://www.thehistoryblog.com/archives/51730

(My Note; This study is only about Late-Postclassic Turquoise)

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UA Research Sheds New Light on Early Turquoise Mining in Southwest

https://uanews.arizona.edu/story/ua-research-sheds-new-light-early-turquoise-mining-southwest


COPPER BELLS TRADE

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The Mines of the Future and the Past

https://gamblershouse.wordpress.com/2010/11/14/the-mines-of-the-future-and-of-the-past/

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SITUATING COPPER BELLS IN PREHISPANIC SOUTHWEST SOCIETIES: AN ANALYSIS OF THEIR SPATIAL, TEMPORAL, AND CONTEXTUAL DISTRIBUTION

https://digitalcollections.trentu.ca/islandora/object/etd%253A349

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Mesoamerican Copper – An Industry of Connections

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/mesoamerican-copper-industry-of-connections

THE AZTLAN WORLD SITES SNAKETOWN

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Wikipedia; Snaketown

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snaketown

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Archaeologists Mark 75-year Anniversary of Seminal Hohokam Excavations

http://uanews.org/story/archaeologists-mark-75-year-anniversary-seminal-hohokam-excavations

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Mesoamerican ‘Fool’s Gold’ Mirrors Found in Arizona Reveal Ties to Ancient Mexico

http://westerndigs.org/mesoamerican-fools-gold-mirrors-found-in-arizona-reveal-ties-to-ancient-mexico/

LA QUEMADA

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Wikipedia; La Quemada

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Quemada

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Trade on the Mesoamerican Frontier: Evaluating the
Significance of Blue-green Stones at La Quemada, Zacatecas, Mexico

https://circle.ubc.ca/bitstream/handle/2429/12338/ubc_2002-0337.pdf;jsessionid=E579D3CEC77FB555C5020C4F793A8CC7?sequence=1

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Uncovered History; La Quemada

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/la-quemada/la-quemada-history/

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Uncovered History; La Quemada/Chicomoztoc

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/la-quemada-chicomoztoc/attachment/w0151-la-quemada-salon-de-las-columnas-2/

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Uncovered History; La Quemada Hall of Columns

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/la-quemada/la-quemada-hall-of-columns/

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Uncovered History; La Quemada El Cuartel

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/la-quemada/la-quemada-el-cuartel/

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Uncovered History; La Quemada; La Ciudadela

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/la-quemada/la-quemada-la-ciudadela/

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Uncovered History; The Sacrificial Pyramid

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/la-quemada/la-quemada-sacrificial-pyramid-level-3/

Violence and Cannibalism at La Quemada

http://przedkolumbem.blogspot.com/2015/05/przemoc-i-kanibalizm-w-la-quemada-stan.html

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Mexico: Early La Quemada civilisation ate their enemies and hung up the bones for all to see

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/mexico-la-quemada-bones-show-people-ate-their-enemies-hung-bones-all-see-1499611

Ritual Use of Canids at Prehispanic La Quemada, Zacatecas, Mexico

http://www.academia.edu/2113787/Ritual_Use_of_Canids_at_Prehispanic_La_Quemada_Zacatecas_Mexico

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Chronology and Stratigraphy at La Quemada, Zacatecas, Mexico

http://www.academia.edu/1923014/Chronology_and_Stratigraphy_at_La_Quemada_Zacatecas_Mexico

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Archaeology Southwest; La Quemada Collection of Articles

https://www.archaeologysouthwest.org/pdf/arch-sw-v16-no1.pdf

ANCIENT SONORA

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Cerro de Trincheras: A PreHispanic Terraced Town in Sonora, Mexico

http://www.academia.edu/944093/Cerro_de_Trincheras_A_PreHispanic_Terraced_Town_in_Sonora_Mexico

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Mexican archaeologists discover 1,000 year old cemetery in the State of Sonora

http://artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=11&int_new=59534#.VdQ1FLRkjR5

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The Ancient Sonoran Desert People

http://www.nps.gov/cagr/learn/historyculture/the-ancient-sonoran-desert-people.htm

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Death and Community Identity in the Trincheras Cremation Cemetery, Sonora, Mexico

http://www.academia.edu/14265546/Death_and_Community_Identity_in_the_Trincheras_Cremation_Cemetery_Sonora_Mexico